The American Immigrant Policy Portal

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Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Immigration
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CMS paper argues for fundamental reform of the U.S. immigration system to prevent future growth of the undocumented population

Harvard Law Review essay finds precedents for the Trump Administration's draconian deportation policy in the policies of the prior Bush and Obama administraions

Report from the American Immigration Council questions the fairness of "fast-track removal" for individuals fleeing traumatic violence in their home countries

Report from Human Rights First finds fault with the treatment of Central American asylum seekers by CBP officers

Paper argues that the "illegal immigrant crisis" stems from a failure of law and policy, not a willful desire on the part of unauthorized immigrants to disobey the law

Providing driver's licenses to unauthorized immigrants in Calfornia improves traffic safety, according to National Academy of Sciences report

Report casts doubt on the salience of economc factors in predicting support for Trump among white working class voters

More Mexicans repatriated from the United States are intending to remain in Mexico, according to new report from the Migration Policy Institute

Report finds significant levels of PTSD and depression among Central America asylum seekers, with 70 percent meeting the criteria for asylum in the U.S.

Literature review of nearly 3,000 studies of culturally competent approaches in healthcare finds only 15 studies evaluating the effectiveness of systemic approaches to cultural competence

Calfornia Workforce Development Board suggests model practices for serving adult English language learners

Paper from the Transatlantic Council suggests principles for rebuilding migration management systems in the aftermath of world refugee crises

Niskanen Center publishes overview of refugee resettlement in the United States

Essay proposes new approach to dealing with "unconventional refugees" from Central America -- neither asylum nor deterrence, but something in-between and definitely with the goal of eventual repatriation

Polaris Project publishes a typology of human trafficking, based on more than 32,000 trafficking cases reported on U.S. hotlines

CAP publishes a new edition of its "Facts on Immigration Today"

Paper details how the Trump administration is using the "public relalations machinery" of the federal government to malign undocumented immigrants

Essay calls attention to the recurring theme of nativism in American immigration history and to the critical role played by public officials in countering it

Essay discusses how the "clash of civilizations" narrative promoted by the Trump administration has eroded support for refugee resettlement in the U.S. and what can be done to combat it

Chicago Council paper stresses the vital role played by immigrants in reversing population decline and stimulating economic activity in 46 metro areas in the Midwest

LIRS reports on a pilot project in Baltimore to make the workforce system more responsive to the needs of immigrants and refugees

Article points out the contradictions and inconsistencies in current U.S. immigration policy and calls for changes to improve the overall system

Study finds that visa overstays now account for 66 percent of all new undocumented immigrants, raising doubts over the effectiveness and return on investment of "building a wall" 

According to new study, "hostility to the Constitution" has been an accusation used by nativists throughout American history to mask their antipathy to certain groups of immigrants

CAP paper argues that the benefits of local police participation in federal immigration law enforcement are not worth the costs

CATO Institute paper finds low incarceration rates for both documented and undocumented immigrants

AIC paper reviews what local jurisdictions with "sanctuary policies" can and cannot do, without running afoul of federal law or compromising their law enforcement mission

NIF paper reviews the legal and constitutional grounds for local police to refrain from cooperating with federal immigration authorities on immigration detainers

CAP report explores the number of U.S. citizens living with undocumented family members and calls for policies to keep families together

Analyzing job postings over the last five years, NAE study finds surge in demand for bilingual workers in the U.S. economy

Study finds greater stability in the family life of foreign-born Hispanic mothers than in that of white, black, or U.S.-born Hispanic mothers

Study examines how Latino fathers interact with their partners and children, noting important distinctions between immigrant and U.S.-born fathers

According to new study, immigrant integration as a public policy goal has advanced on the local level over the last two decades, but needs to be coordinated at the federal level

CATO study finds that the political opinions of immigrants resemble those of the native-born, except on the topic of immigration itself

MPI produces a set of fact sheets on English learners in U.S. schools

MPI report calls attention to the changing ethnic composition of people seeking to cross the southern border and notes that the majority are now presenting themselves at official border crossings rather than trying to cross surreptitiously

Study questions the stereotypes of human smugglers as predators, and migrants and asylum seekers as victims

Review of recent research casts doubt on President Trump's assertions that immigrants are prone to crime

Paper finds no evidence of any "indirect" effects of immgration on crime rates in the U.S.

MPI publishes profile of the Korean immigrant population in the U.S.

OMH issues a "Practical Guide" for organizations interested in implementing the enhanced CLAS Standards (Standards for Cultually and Linguistically Appropriate Services)

NYU's Brennan Center for Justice finds no basis for claims of widespread non-citizen voter fraud

MPI report showcases successful initiatives to integrate foreign-trained immigrant professionals into the job market

MPI report showcases successful initiatives to integrate foreign-trained immigrant professionals into the job market

NSC paper calls for an upskilling strategy in the service sector focusing on literacy, numeracy, and digital problem-solving

MPI paper sees cause for hope that the world community will rise to the challenge of dealing with the world refugee crisis

Article explains the U Visa's "failed promise for survivors of domestic violence" and urges reforms to restore victim autonomy

Brookings scholars make recommendations to the Trump Administration for dealing with the Syrian refugee crisis, urge continuation of the Syrian resettlement program

MPI essay examines the Obama Administration's deportation priorities and record in comparison to previous administrations

MPI publishes a demographic profile of Syrian refugees in the United States

MPI paper analyzes mutual recognition agreements negotiated by 8 nations in the ASEAN region permitting professionals trained in one country to have their qualifications recognized in another

CMS paper estimates the economic fallout from a program of mass deportations

Contrary to assertions by the Trump Administration, CAP reports finds less crime in sanctuary communities than in non-sanctuary

MPI weighs the pros and cons of allowing more international STEM students to remain in the United States

American Counseling Association calls for "cultural humility" to improve counselor effectiveness in working with clients from diverse backgrounds

World Education publishes fact sheets on collaborative projects undertaken by "The Networks for Integrating New Americans Initiative"

Penn State report finds value in family literacy programs as a strategy for reducing intergenerational poverty

McKinsey study finds that the world's 247 milion migrants contibute $6.7 trillion, or 9.4 percent, to global GDP, with little evidence of adverse affects on the wages or emplyment of native-born workers

Boston Redevelopment Authority produces profiles of the 15 largest immigrant groups in Boston

New study provides insights into the gender and intergenerational characteristics of Chinese immigrant households

Report from the National Immigration Forum spotlights model programs designed to help immigrants achieve their full economic potential

Are "low-skilled" immigrants really low-skilled?  Study questions the common assumption that educational level is a reliable indicator of worker skill

MPI report provides estimates for the lost earnings and tax revenues from the underemployment of high-skilled immigrants

Study estimates the costs to specific industries of a mass deportation strategy

Boston conducts survey of adults enrolled in 39 ESOL programs

MPI publishes study of two-generation programs serving immigrant families and identifies key program design elements

MPI publishes a set of 30 state data briefs detailing the sociodemographic characteristics of immigrant families with young children

MPI analyzes the limited English proficient population in the U.S.

Study traces the historical development of "lawful presence" as an in-between category, the growth in the number of people in this category, and the denial pf public benefits to them, leading to the danger of caste-like discrimination"

Essay critiques the concept of "wrongfulness" in cross-border migration and suggests other ways to justify the regularization of undocumented immigrants

National Immigration Forum stresses the importance of immigrant skill development and training in a newly-released policy paper

National Skills Coalition releases transition paper with detailed recommendations for the new administration on workforce education and training

MPI paper examines the history of border walls and questions their usefulness in stopping unauthorized migration

Research suggests that restrictive state laws on immigration are not effective in reducing the size of the undocumented population

Paper critiques the concept of "earned legalization" or "earned citizenship" and suggests that undocumented people should be viewed as an oppressed caste in American society

Blue Ribbon Panel of migration experts proposes a new bilateral worker agreement between the United States and Mexico

National Immigration Forum publishes blueprint for a bipartisan, "market-oriented," immigration reform plan

New American Economy publishes snapshot of immigrants in Lancaster County (PA)

New York State publishes portrait of its immigrant population

New data platform will greatly increse the amount of information available about immigrant entrepreneurs in the U.S.

Why are immigrants more entrepreneurial? New research suggests that their cross-cultural experiences enable them to identify and pursue business opportunities

Paper questions the neglect of the learner's own language in teaching English

National Skills Coalition publishes Integrated Education and Training Toolkit

MPI paper reviews precedents and prospects for the free movement of people in South America

Aspen Institute paper calls for greater effort to help immigrants gain access to workforce training services and identifies key strategies to achieve this goal

What can be done to facilitate early employment for refugees and asylum seekers?  Report from the Transatlantic Council examines promising practices in Europe

Paper from the Transatlantic Council examines the feasibility of opening up regular migration channels to refugees

Report from Amnesty International faults the inaction of the United Nations General Assembly on apportioning member state responsibility for refugee relief and protection

MPI examines the role of immigrants in the military

Survey and report completed on the technology needs of immigrant rights and immigrant legal service organizations

American Immigration Council conducts first national study of the impact of legal representation on the disposition of deportation cases

Report from King County Task Force (Washington State) urges the formation of an Immigrant and Refugee Commission and associated office to promote immigrant integration

California Commission undertakes an analysis of licensing requirements for regulated professions

Welcoming America produces toolkits and other resources to build more accepting attitudes towards immigrants and refugees in local communities

MPI report exmines the funding streams for K-12 immigrant education and recommends strategies to achieve greater equity in the distribution of resources

Report points to the "outsized role" played by immigrant entrepreneurs in the U.S. economy

National Academies conducts a comprehensive review of the literature on the economic and fiscal impacts of immigration

CMS researcher questions accuracy of reported surge in U.S. immigrant arrivals

Allegheny County (PA) produces a "Blueprint" for immigrant integration over a 5-year period

MPI paper explores the policy and practice implications of the growing immigrant presence in Head Start programs

Study finds that participation in the DAC program "significantly reduced" the likelihood of college enrollment by DACA-eligible youth who had completed high school or earned a GED

Report finds that the DACA program reduced the likelihood of poverty among eligible immigrants by 38 percent

Study calls attention to a flaw in research showing poor health outcomes among the children and grandchildren of Mexican immigrants

Research from New American Economy stresses the role of immigrants in filig current and future shortages of health care workers in the U.S.

White paper suggests that immigrant welcome work can advance the goal of health equity

MPI publishes new data on naturalization trends in the United States

Cato examines the visa categories used by foreign-born terrorists over a 41-year period and does a cost-benefit analysis of proposals to curtail refugee, immigrant, or tourist admissions

UNHCR official offers blueprint for dealing with the world refugee crisis, including greater responsibility-sharing on the part of the world community

Essay describes how leaders in Germany and the United States are working together to promote welcoming communities

MPI examines funding mechanisms for immigrant education in Canada, France, Germany, and the United States

Committee for Immigration Reform Advocacy suggests steps that USCIS can take to improve the reach and effectiveness of the DACA Program

Report finds that use of the Optional Practical Training Program by international students has enhanced Michigan's economic competitiveness

What do we know about the people who support Donald Trump?  Gallup provides some answers that challenge the conventional wisdom

Report finds little evidence that the decrease in labor force participation by native-born Americans is the result of immigrants taking jobs and driving down wages

Report finds alarming evidence of disparities in mental health treatment for black and Hispanic children

Report finds that Internet use by Latinos, especially through mobile devices, has jumped to 84 percent

MPI paper seeks to understand Canada's success as an immigrant nation

IOM publishes second volume in its "Fatal Journeys" series looking at procedures for identifying and tracing dead and missing migrants

Paper critiques the concept of the "feminization of migration" and calls for greater methodological sophistication in studying gender factors in migration

Task Force examines the workforce needs of of high-skilled immigrants and immigrant entrepreneurs in New Jersey

Paper reviews the experiences of earlier U.S. immigrant groups and finds recuring pattern of "discrimination and oppression"

Report links spike in anti-Muslim violence in 2015 and 2016 to the heated rhetoric of Donald Trump and other candidates for president

Report finds pressing need for foreign-trained, immigrant health professionals to fill personnel shortages in the U.S. healthcare industry

Report released on the first year of a demonstration project to build effective partnerships between community colleges and community-based organizations to educate and train immigrant workers

President Emeritus of the Migration Policy Institute offers candid advice to political leaders on migration policy

George Mason University produces state fact sheets on immigration

Survey research suggests that the dissemination of accurate information about immigration can help to reduce biased attitudes and change policy preferences

MPI paper on public opinion in the UK advises government officials to pay careful attention to the concerns of the "anxious middle" on immigration policy

Fairfield University develops toolkit to help Catholic churches organize parish dialogues on immigration-related issues

MPI report compares the U.S. and European experience in integrating Muslim immigrants

Immigrant casino workers in Las Vegas, according to University of California report, allege widespread labor and safety violations

Paper from the American Action Forum measures the impact on specific industries of the removal of al undocumented immigrants from the U.S.

AHRQ reviews 37,000 English language studies dealing with the provision of "culturally appropriate health care"

USC report assesses the impact of the recently announced partial fee waiver for citizenship applications

MPI report analyzes the impact and "unfinished business" from the Immigration Act of 1990

With DACA and DAPA (and perhas the Trump candidacy) as the backdrop, legal scholar seeks to understand proper limits on the exercise of prosecutorial discretion

Study finds that refugees from Bosnia, Burma, Laos, and Somalia are successfully integrating into local U.S. communities

Partnership produces reports on the contributions of new Americans to the economies of each of the states and the District of Columbia

GCIR report urges Texas grantmakers to commit resources to the goal of immigrant and refugee integration

Report analyzes the contributions that immigrants and refugees are making to the local economy in Akron (OH)

According to New Jersey study, absence of legal representation in deportation proceedings leads to harsh consequences

MPI's advice to government officials on both sides of the Atlantic:  take action to address public anxiety over immigration

National Academy holds a roundtable to discuss progress and challenges in integrating health literacy, cultural competence, and language access services into the healthcare system

Brookings and PPRI conduct far-reaching survey of American attitudes on immigration

Using innovative methodology, CSI report analyzes the "eligble-to-naturalize" population in Los Angeles County

Report from MPI Europe urges governments to open up new migration channels for refugees to address a "displacement crisis of historic proportions"

Partnership for a New American Economy publishes "snapshots" of immigrant contributions to local economies in Salt Lake City, Cincinnati, Columbus, Denver, and Toledo

MPI report examines the challenges faced by refugee parents in Massachusetts in accessing high quality childcare and recommends steps to ease the problem

Immigration reform essential to the viability of the health care sector in the Midwest, according to report from the Chicago Council on Global Affairs

Paper argues that investments in adult ESOL classes will contribute to the overall economic health of New York City and State

Paper urges a more inclusive, immigrant-focusd approach to workforce development in New York City

Study finds that immigrants started half of all billion dollar start-up companies in the United States

Study analyzes the current and potential state and local tax contributions of undocumented immigrants

2015 American Values Atlas finds that 62 percent of Americans favor a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants

MPI study finds that the children of refugees in the U.S. are "in the main, integrating successfully and achieving self-sufficiency"

Paper critiques the "skills gap" thesis in workforce education and urges the reintroduction of a social justice perspective in adult education

Study examines the factors associated with occupational injury or illness among immigrant day laborers

MPI paper sees advantages to both Germany and Turkey in the increased circularity of migration between the two countries

MPI and Urban Institute study shows how families with undocumented parents will improve their economic lot and lift a burden off their citizen children through participation in the DAPA program

Article analyzes the socio-economic characteristics of immigrants likely to benefit from the Obama Administration's executive action programs

Focusing on the tragic death of Kathryn Steinle in San Francisco, scholar analyzes the use of coded racial narratives to advance restrictionist immigration policies

Report exposes the white nationalist roots of the immigration restriction movement in the U.S.

Pilot project explores how to increase the enrollment of refugee children in Head Start and other early childhood programs

RISE study tracks the progress made by refugees in integrating into the social, civic, and economic life of the State of Colorado

MPI report reviews initiatives to maximize the economic potential of skilled immigrants in both receiving and sending countries

AIC paper profiles promising programs to promote immigrant entrepreneurship in Chicago, Dayton, and Nashville

Paper reviews efforts to provide health insurance coverage to undocumented immigrants in California

MPI report examines the outflow of wealthy and highly skilled emigrants from China

Report finds that refugees are making significant economic contributions to the economy of central Ohio

Paper suggests that worksite immigration enforcement leads to a form of servitude outlawed by the 13th amendent to the Constitution

National Academies report draws lessons from other OECD coutries on how the U.S. can coninue to attract high skilled immigrants and remain competitive in the global economy

Stanford University report examines the state of Latino entrepreneurship in the U.S

Paper argues that it is difficult for female victims of domestic violence, who don't fit the prevailing stereotype of passive and helpless victims, to obtain asylum under U.S. law

Paper suggests tha the roots of "crimmigration" run deep in American history

New American Leaders Project analyzes imbalances in the representation of immigrants and minoritie in state legislatures

CAP report examnes the role of for-profit prison companies in influencing U.S. immigrant detention policies

MPI publishes a statistical portrait of current European immigrants to the U.S.

Urban Institute examines the preschool enrollment patterns of immigrant children in Silicon Valley and suggests ways to remove barriers to access

CMS report shows a continued drop in the U.S. undocumented population to 10.9 million in 2014 -- the lowest level since 2003

MPI paper recommends improvements in current procedures for measuring the effectiveness of border controls

Paper discusses major issues in immigration policy from an economic development perspective

White House Task Force on New Americans issues its one-year progress report

USC study examines the "quiet revolution" unfoldng in 63 cities with governmental bodies promoting immigrant integration

City of Auroa (CO) produces a three-year "comprehensive strategic plan" to fully engage immigrants in the civic, economic, and cultural life of the community

OneAmerica produces report on foreign-educated immigrants in Washington State

MPI paper examines the root causes of the world refugee protection crisis and calls for the development of more "comprehensive" policy solutions

Transatlantic Council paper examines the "brain drain" of educated Europeans to other countries

2015 report from the International Organization for Migration looks at the intersection of migration and urbanization

Bipartisan Policy Center report estimates the budgetary impact of various immigration reform proposals and urges an "all of the above" approach

PEW study finds that 1 million Mexicans left the U.S. over the last 5 years, reducing the Mexican population from 12.8 million to 11.7 million

IOM paper examines strategies for immigrant inclusion in U.S. Cities

Report analyzes the economic contributions and potential of African immigrants in Minnesota

Keynote address by David A. Martin puts forward the "enigma principle" in refugee protection

Transatlantic Council on Migration calls for reform of the global refugee protection system

Urban Institute report analyzes the role of employers in advancing immigrant integration

IOM surveys world public opinion on immigration

Paper argues that international human rights law fails to provide protections for undocumented immigrants

Study attempts to understand the banking and credit habits of undocumented immigrants

What explains the "healthy immigrant effect?" New study attempts to determine the role of government immigrant admission policy?

Joyce Foundation publishes an evaluation of the "Shifting Gears" program designed to help adult education students transition to post-secondary education and gain employment-related credentials

MPI publishes an analysis of the unauthorized population by country and region of birth, showing changing trends over time, distribution of specific groups by state, and participation rates in the DACA program

MPI analyzes DACA renewal statistics and suggests why some immigrants have refrained from renewing

CIRI estimates the cost of providing legal and related services to immigrants eligible for the expanded DACA and DAPA programs

The Building Integrated Communities Project of the University of North Carolina releases report on immigrant integration challenges in Winston-Salem and Forsyth County, NC

USC study urges San Diego leaders to address growing social inequities, including the marginalization of immigrants, to permit the city to thrive in the 21st century

MPI report examines the nature, extent and consequences of discrimination directed at immigrant children

Study finds weak relationship between immigrant educational levels and the educational attainment of their children

IMPRINT surveys over 5,000 foreign-educated immigrant professionals in an effort to identify the factors associated with career success in the U.S.

Urban Institute conducts comprehensive review of the literature on the impact of parental deportation on the well-being of immigrant children

Urban Institute study shows that supportive parenting practices, i.e. those designed to promote children's social and cognitive development, vary by immigrants' country and region of background

Paper from the Transatlantic Council on Migration calls for new approaches in responding to the forced displacement of people

Paper makes the case for "resolute enforcement" of the nation's immigration laws in order to sustain a generous immigration policy

MPI examines the effectiveness of the U.S. Refugee Resettlement Program in integrating refugees

American Immigration Council publishes report on "The Criminalization of Immigration in the United States"

Welcoming America publishes 92-page "Guide to Immigrant Economic Development"

Paper assers that new forms of racism hide behind "English-only" policies and that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not provide sufficient protection for language minorities

Report from Brookings analyzes the lessons learned from the implementation of the  DACA program and how they may apply to DAPA and other future immigration reform initiatives targeting the undocumented

Scholars argue that the "California Package" of pro-immigrant state legislation creates a "de facto" form of state citizenship

Report marshals evidence to show that the life chances of citizen children are seriously jeopardized when one or more of their parents are undocumented

Pittsburgh publishes its "Welcoming Pittsburgh Plan" to improve the quality of life for both foreign-born and native-born city residents

Survey finds that Nashville business leaders see connection between Nashville's economic success and its efforts to welcome and integrate immigrants

MPI publishes demographic analysis of Middle Eastern and North African immigrants in the U.S.

Kauffman Foundation report finds that immigrants now account for 28.5 percent of all new entrepreneurs in the U.S.

MPI Report analyzes the extent to which European governments have been successful in "mainstreaming" immigrant integration

Survey reveals the extent to which library systems in the U.S. are "welcoming" to immigrants

On the 50th anniversary of the Immigration Act of 1965, scholars discuss its impact on America

Paper asks whether the nation's failed experiment with Prohibition has lessons for today's immigration policy makers

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops releases nine-point plan for reform of the U.S. immigration detention system

Bipartisan Policy Center report calls for "an objective set of comprehensive, performance-based outcome measures" for determining the success or failure of immigration enforcement policies

Report suggests that legalization of undocumented immigrants will substantially increase state and local tax revenue

Cato study finds no evidence that immigrants from poor or authoritarian countries undermine the values and institutions supporting "economic freedom" in host countries

The WE Global Network publishes a compendium of successful economic development strategies utilizing immigrants

Report from NJ Policy Perspective suggests that most undocumented students in NJ need access to state financial aid to continue their education

Paper challenges popular assumptions about the origin of restrictions on social welfare benefits for undocumented immigrants

Study ranks states by their efforts to favorably influence the social determinants of health for undocumented immigrants

MPI publishes profile of the Cuban immigrant population in the U.S.

Ford Foundation-funded study profiles the undocumented college student population, describes obstacles to their educational success, and identifies policies and practices to overcome these obstacles

Pew reports that a "rising share" (now 8.7 percent) of the U.S. black population is foreign-born

Pew report finds shifts in the occupational distribution of unauthorized immigrant workers since the Great Recession of 2007

MPI produces demographic portrait of immigrants in Houston and estimates the number of people potentially in need of immigration legal services, either to naturalize or to qualify for relief through executive action

Research reveals important changes in the size and composition of the unauthorized immigrant population, including a sharp decline in Mexican arrivals since 2000 and the fact that the majority of new unauthorized arrivals are now people who overstayed visas

Report released on North Carolina's 2014 "Summit for Cities and Towns" working on immigrant integration

MPI report discusses the evolving policy of the Chinese government towards immigrants

Study finds that the deportation of all undocumented workers would reduce U.S. GDP by $1.6 trillion

Study finds that future U.S. labor force growth will depend on Hispanic immigration and the size of the Hispanic workforce

Study from the William T. Grant Foundation analyzes the state of current research on policies and practices to reduce inequality for immigrant-origin children and youth

Vera Institute produces field guide for local law enforcement agencies interested in working effectively with Arab, Middle Eastern, Muslim, and South Asian communities

National Skills Coalition calls for an educational path to legalization that is compatible with the manpower needs of the American economy and that provides adequate resources for implementation

MPI analyzes the competencies of adults in the U.S. "through an immigrant lens"

Study of low-income Hispanic families suggests that nativity, I.e. whether parents are immigrants or US-born, makes an important difference

New research suggests that high fees are discouraging the working poor from applying for naturalization

Study finds that deportees will risk harsh penalties to return to families in the United States

Study questions the claim that immigration detention is "non-punitive" in nature

Paper advances a "modest proposal" for immigration reform: move up the registry date to 2009