of the American Political Science Association’s Organized Section on Migration and Citizenship, 5:2 (Summer 2017), 48
Authors: Els De Graauw et al
This is one in a series of themed newsletters produced by the
Section on Migration and Citizenship of the American Political Science Association. The issue contains six articles looking
at the role of U.S. municipalities in either fostering the integration of immigrants and refugees or excluding them from community
life. The articles explore a range of policy areas, including policing, sanctuary policies, immigrant entrepreneurship, language
access, voting, and participation in community life. In her introduction, Els de Graauw of City University of New York provides
an overview of the articles and comments that they “highlight some of the cutting-edge research” in their respective
policy areas. One contributor is Tom K. Wong, who shows that counties with so-called sanctuary policies have lower crime rates
and stronger economies compared to non-sanctuary counties. Marie Provine and her colleagues examine the formidable barriers
that the Trump administration faces in securing the cooperation of local law enforcement in immigration enforcement, including
the widespread commitment to community policing practices, officer autonomy and discretion, and the lack of incentives for
local law enforcement to follow federal immigration directives. Cathy Yang Liu and Xi Huang examine the range of approaches
and strategies employed by local municipalities to encourage immigrant entrepreneurship; and Ron Hayduk and Kathleen Coll
discuss efforts to restore noncitizen voting in local elections, a practice that was common in the 19th century. Taken together,
according to de Graauw, the articles “raise important questions about not only the power of municipalities vis-à-vis
the nation state…but also the effect that municipal politics and policies have on immigrants and refugees and the communities
of which they are part.”
Global Migration: Resilient Cities at the Forefront
100 Resilient Cities, May, 2017, 103 pp.
Funded by The Rockefeller Foundation,
100 Resilient Cities (100RC) helps cities around the world become more resilient to the physical, social, and economic challenges
of the 21st century. The Foundation provides funding for a Chief Resilience Officer in each member city.
Believing that the concept of resilience has relevance to the challenges posed by migration and that "the mass migration
we are witnessing today is not a temporary state of emergency, but the beginning of a new reality," 100RC convened a
meeting in Athens in September of 2016 to examine migration as a key component of urban planning. Eight cities (Los Angeles,
Montreal, Medellin, Paris, Amman, Ramallah, Thessaloniki, and Athens) played a lead role in planning this event. They were
joined by representatives of expert organizations, such as the International Rescue Committee, Welcoming America, and the
International Organization for Migration. The overriding goal of participants was to "unlock the Resilience Dividend,"
meaning that solutions developed for one challenge, e.g. immigration, should address multiple problems and constituencies.
This report, described as a "blueprint," summarizes "the aspirations and strategic approaches" of conference
participants. "It describes methods for integrating migrants into the formal economy; programs for lowering barriers
of entry to small businesses and entrepreneurs; innovative designs for housing; examples of new city departments for migration;
and many other programs for absorbing migrants in the long term while harnessing their contributions to the host community."
New Americans in Salt Lake County: A Snapshot of the Demographic and Economic Contributions
of Immigrants in the County
Partnership for a New American Economy, March, 2016, 4 pp.
is the fifth in a series of local economic reports prepared by the Partnership over the last two years. Other reports in the
series cover Denver, Cincinnati, Columbus, and Toledo. Each report tallies the spending power and tax contributions of foreign-born households,
as well as their workforce participation rates and industry concentrations. For example, in Salt Lake County, immigrants
make up 16.7 percent of the labor force, but 29 percent of workers in the construction and manufacturing industries. The Salt
Lake County report also suggests that immigrants helped to create or preserve 6,403 local manufacturing jobs that would have
otherwise disappeared or moved elsewhere. Other data points in the Salt Lake report include: contributions to
social security and Medicare, entrepreneurship rates, immigrant housing wealth, and the economic impact of international students
on the community.
Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Welcoming Cities: Lessons from Chicago, Dayton, and Nashville,
American Immigration Council, February, 2016, 21 pp.
Author: Paul N. McDaniel
Playing a disproportionately large role in revitalizing communities throughout the United States, immigrant entrepreneurs
should be factored into policies and initiatives seeking to boost overall economic wellbeing. This is the argument that Paul
McDaniel makes in this report published by the American Immigration Council. Using interviews with researchers, business owners,
government officials and community organizations, the report compares programs in Chicago, a major immigrant hub; Nashville,
an emerging immigrant destination; and Dayton, a city with a small but growing immigrant population. The author details how
the three cities designed entrepreneurship initiatives for immigrants to achieve broader economic growth. Rather than relying
on top-down approaches, all three cities sought the input and participation of a wide array of community partners. In Chicago,
for example, a New Americans Plan was created which reduced barriers to launching restaurants by streamlining the application
process and providing a multilingual guide. The city also held entrepreneurship events that were specific to different ethnic
and racial communities. The report concludes with a listing of best practices that can be adapted by other cities such as
highlighting the importance of community-driven efforts and garnering public support for welcoming initiatives from local
officials. (The Immigrant Learning Center Public Education Institute)
Opening Minds, Opening Doors, Opening Communities: Cities Leading for Immigrant Integration,
Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration, University of Southern California, December, 2015, 48
Authors: Manuel Pastor, Rhonda Ortiz, Els de Graauw
The authors of this
report explore municipal efforts to promote immigrant integration by looking at 63 city-level institutions across the United
States. In the face of a heated national discourse that has often generated anti-immigrant sentiments, these cities are undertaking
a "quiet revolution" motivated by their belief in the potential of immigrants to revitalize local communities. Using
data from the American Community Survey and information from over 50 interviews and a literature review, the authors group
the city initiatives into three broad categories: defusing tensions, attracting newcomers, and integrating immigrants into
more established immigrant gateways. The authors include case studies of offices in Atlanta, Pittsburgh and San Francisco
to illustrate the three approaches. The report also looks at offices in other cities including Houston, Nashville, St. Louis
and New York. Besides having strong mayoral commitment, these offices tend to emphasize the economic contributions of immigrants,
cooperation with local law enforcement, and relationship-building between newcomers and receiving communities. Recommendations
for new and existing integration efforts include securing mayoral support, building institutional sustainability, collaborating
with potential allies such as the business sector and law enforcement, all while coordinating services for immigrants and
developing opportunities for civic engagement. (Jasmina Popaja for The ILC Public Education Institute)
Comprehensive Strategic Plan: 2015-2018
Office of International and Immigrant Affairs, City of Aurora (CO), 18 pp.
that "immigrant integration is essential to the vibrancy, safety, economic prosperity and cultural richness" of
cities, the City of Aurora undertook a strategic planning process to "maximize resources, develop innovative efforts,
and avoid duplication of programs and services aimed at the local immigrant and refugee community." The resulting
plan calls for a number of organizational changes, some of which have already been implemented. The previously existing Office
of International Initiatives was renamed the "Office of International and Immigrant Affairs." The Aurora Immigrant
and Refugee Task Force will be upgraded to Commission status, and an "international cabinet or inter-agency working group"
will be put in place, consisting of departmental representatives with responsibility over programs related to immigrant integration.
The plan lists activities in each of 8 goal areas: integration through civic engagement, safety in our international
city, integrating through language acquisition, integration in the neighborhoods, integrating through economic and financial
growth, internationality as a driving force for economic development, integrating through sports and recreation, integrating
through arts and culture, and integration through mental and physical health and wellness. The plan also lists key partners
for each goal area.
Cities Welcoming Immigrants: Local Strategies to Attract and Retain Immigrants in U.S. Metropolitan
Background Paper, World Migration Report, 2015
for Migration, December, 2014
Author: Marie Price
The most forward-thinking
U.S. cities view the retention and inclusion of immigrants as critical to their success and sustainability. In Cities
Welcoming Immigrants: Local Strategies to Attract and Retain Immigrants in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Marie Price of George
Washington University utilizes case studies of U.S. immigrant gateway cities to demonstrate that cities with plans to improve
the socio-economic outcomes of immigrants are lifted as a whole. The author finds that the most popular gateways for
immigrants - New York, Chicago, and San Francisco - view immigrant integration as critical to their overall health, while
former gateways - Baltimore, Detroit, and Pittsburgh - endeavor to attract more immigrants to stimulate their economies. Both
types of cities have robust institutions in place to communicate with and serve diverse immigrant groups, including multilingual
educational materials and outreach and initiatives to promote tourism and immigrant entrepreneurship. The report states that
"emerging gateways," or cities with a rapid growth of immigrants after 1980, are less likely to have created such
institutions and are more prone to nativism but still employ some strategies for immigrant inclusion. This paper concludes
by recommending that, for successful integration, cities employ thoughtful diversity and inclusion strategies with elements
of outreach, demographic analysis, leadership buy-in, and civic participation of the immigrants themselves. (Karly Foland for The ILC Public Education Institute)
Building Integrated Communities in Winston-Salem and Forsyth County, North Carolina: Demographics
and Perspectives of Foreign-Born Residents,
University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill), The Latino Migration Project,
Authors: Jessica White & Hannah Gill
aims to identify issues of concern to local communities with growing immigrant populations so as to develop effective
plans for immigrant integration. Nine percent of Forsyth County residents and 11 percent of Winston-Salem residents were foreign
born in 2012. The report draws on American Community Survey data in addition to a survey of more than 200 Forsyth County residents
from 23 countries, as well as public meetings with 200 residents. Survey respondents identified many positive qualities about
living in Winston-Salem and Forsyth County, including friendly neighbors; proximity to essential resources such as jobs, highways
and hospitals; economic affordability; and work opportunities. Among the major challenges they faced were lack of adequate
public transportation; discrimination by police and in the workplace; inability to obtain legal status; and lack of access
to English language education and educational opportunities. The report includes recommendations made by the residents to
ameliorate these conditions and encourage immigrant integration including more support for immigrant students, better communication
of city regulations and a more trusting relationships between police and new residents. Information from this study will be
used to guide the creation and implementation of a city- wide action plan for immigrant integration in 2015 and 2016. This
is the fourth assessment process completed by the Building Integrated Communities (BIC) of the University of North Carolina.
Since 2010, BIC has worked with four North Carolina Cities: High Point, Greenville, Sanford and Winston-Salem, to develop
such plans. (Chiara Magini for the Public Education Institute at The Immigrant Learning Center,
Linking Innovation with Inclusion: Demography, Equity, and the Future of San Diego,
USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE), July, 2015
Authors: Manuel Pastor, Alejandro Sanchez-Lopez, & Jennifer Ito
This report argues
that social equity and growth must go hand-in-hand if San Diego is to continue to prosper. The city has lost influence in
state politics as the old "fishhook" strategy linking Republican voters in San Diego, Orange, Central, and Inland
counties of California broke down. At the same time, the San Diego region has undergone a demographic transformation, having
recently crossed the minority-majority threshold and now counting 24 percent of its population as immigrants. Although the
region's economy has been doing well, San Diego is quickly losing its old manufacturing basis, resulting in a loss of middle
income jobs and rising levels of social inequality. With wages growing much more slowly for low- and middle-wage jobs compared
to high-wage jobs, San Diego now ranks 62nd in income inequality among the largest 150 regions in the U.S. The
problem is most severe for Blacks and Hispanics, whose poverty rate is twice that of whites. After a brief discussion of the
emerging literature on the connection between equity and growth, the report makes a number of recommendations in accordance
with the principle of "interlinking (1) high-tech and high-need, (2) innovation and inclusion, and (3) people and place."
Among the recommendations in the "innovation and inclusion" category is the development of a regional immigrant
integration strategy, including the establishment of an immigrant affairs office for the City of San Diego, similar to ones
existing in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Among the recommendations in the "people and place" category is a proactive
campaign to promote the naturalization of eligible immigrants. Other recommendations are designed to create opportunity
for low-income residents in general.
The Welcoming Pittsburgh Plan: A Roadmap for Change
Welcoming Pittsburgh, June, 2015, 47 pp.Shortly after taking office as
Mayor of Pittsburgh in 2014, William Peduto launched the Welcoming Pittsburgh initiative, an effort "to improve quality
of life and economic prosperity for immigrants and native born residents alike" and to grow the city's population by
20,000 in ten years' time. Through a competitive process, Peduto convened an advisory body of 40 leaders from diverse communities
and sectors to drive the community consultation process and to develop a plan of action. After holding a series of five
public meetings, gathering survey responses from almost 2000 immigrants and native-born residents alike, and convening two
"immigrant listening sessions," the committee released its Welcoming Pittsburgh Plan in June of 2015. The plan contains
a set of 37 "actionable" recommendations categorized as short-term (6 months to a year), mid-term (1 to 2 years),
long-term (3 to 5 years), or ongoing. The Committee grouped its recommendations into three broad focus areas: Welcome, Neighbor!
Bridge to the City, and Prospering Together -- each of which will be spearheaded by an "action team" appointed by
the mayor. One of the short-term recommendations in the "Welcome, Neighbor!" category will be the establishment
of "Welcoming Hubs" at select community or recreation centers in the city. A mid-term recommendation in the "Bridge
to the City" focus area will be the creation of a city office to coordinate immigrant integration activities. A long-term
recommendation in the "Prospering Together" area will be to improve the recertification process for immigrant professionals.
Welcoming Nashville: Perspectives and Trends (Executive Summary),
Welcoming America & Nashville Area Chamber of Commerce Research Center, June, 2015, 5 pp.As Nashville became a more diverse and international city, it experienced major economic gains and garnered
a reputation for creativity and innovation. The national nonprofit Welcoming America, in partnership with the Nashville Area
Chamber of Commerce Research Center, conducted a survey of some 200 local business and community leaders to determine their
views on the relationship between Nashville's vibrancy and its policies in support of immigrant integration. This executive
summary of the survey results entitled, Welcoming Nashville: Perspectives and Trends, found that Nashville's
competitive regional success in business and tangible economic gains across the city and in various sectors relied on welcoming
immigrant workers, entrepreneurs, and their diverse knowledge while eliminating exclusionary "English Only" policies.
Significantly, over 80 percent of those interviewed felt that immigrants helped businesses reach a more global audience and
70 percent believed immigrants helped make Nashville a more innovative and productive economy. The report concludes with recommendations
to continue fostering a welcoming climate for immigrants, including encouraging mainstream organizations to develop programs
to meet the unique needs and cultural backgrounds of immigrants and their children. (The ILC Public
Immigrant integration in North Carolina: A Summit for Cities and Towns,
A report of the Latino Migration Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, January
2015, 15 pp.
This publication reviews activities and findings of "Immigrant Integration
in North Carolina: A Summit for Cities and Towns," hosted by the Latino Migration Project at the University of North
Carolina in September 2014. The paper describes effective immigrant integration practices and strategies implemented by four
North Carolina's municipalities: Charlotte, Greensboro, High Point, and Greenville. Best practices include: engaging diverse
immigrant and refugee groups in the integration planning process, recognizing their expertise on key questions, addressing
common issues with other community groups in order to broaden the dialogue, and recruiting immigrant leaders to serve on municipal
boards and commissions. The paper also summarizes the themes and "core values" that emerged from the workshops,
including the importance of involving immigrants in all phases of planned projects, especially in leadership roles, and connecting
to the experience of African American communities. The report also pinpoints some major challenges to the implementation of
assessment-based recommendations, such as political resistance and funding limitations, and offers final recommendations from
both speakers and participants. (Chiara Magini, The ILC Public Education Institute)
The Role of Immigrants in Growing Baltimore: Recommendations to Retain and Attract New Americans,
New Americans Task Force, City of Baltimore, September, 2014, 47 pp.
City of Baltimore competes with other major U.S. cities in trying to attract and retain immigrants as catalysts for economic
growth and community revitalization. To better support immigrants, a New Americans Task Force created by the Mayor's Office
studied this challenge and opportunity. This report is the result of this inquiry, and it both reveals the contributions of
immigrants to the Baltimore area and makes recommendations to improve their integration into the community. The report finds
that, since 2000, Baltimore has experienced a resurgence of immigrants who have boosted Baltimore's economy. In 2011, foreign-born
workers earned approximately $1 billion in wages and their unemployment rate was almost two percentage points below that of
the general population. Immigrants also tend to be more highly educated and are more entrepreneurial; they own 21 percent
of the city's businesses, a figure three times greater than their seven percent share of population. However, the report states
that more can be done to engage with and support the city's immigrant population. As such, the report makes 32 recommendations
to better identify and meet the needs of the immigrant community and to facilitate their economic contribution. These
recommendations are grouped into six categories: workforce development, small business development, housing, welcome and diversity,
safety, and youth. (Robert Smith for The Immigrant Learning Center, Inc.'s Public Education Institute)
Immigrant Civic Integration and Service Access Initiatives: City-Sized Solution for City-Sized
Migration Policy Institute, September, 2014, 14 pp.
This report focuses on five cities of varying sizes (Cupertino, CA, San Francisco,
CA, Littleton, CO, New York, NY, and Seattle, WA) that have done promising work in promoting immigrant integration. The author
draws content from five highly rated applications for MPI's E Pluribus Unum Awards. Among the initiatives described
in the report are: Cupertino's Block Leader Program, Littleton's library-based one-stop information center, New York's city-wide
language access policy, Seattle's Race and Social Justice Initiative, and San Francisco's Community Ambassadors Program. A
central element in all these initiatives is the effort to "fully leverage existing resources...rather than the creation
of parallel or stand-along services..." The various programs also rely on "authentic partnerships" with community
members and on strong political leadership, especially from the mayor's office.
Revitalizing Detroit: Is There a Role for Immigration?
Migration Policy Institute, Transatlantic Council on Migration, August, 2014, 19 pp.
Author: Steve Tobocman
Over the past 50 years, Detroit has suffered from a spate of problems associated with
urban decay culminating in its filing for bankruptcy in 2013, the largest American municipality to do so. In this paper, author
Steve Tobocman poses the question, "How can immigrants help to revitalize Detroit?" Tobocman suggests that within
a broad economic development policy, immigrants can contribute to the revitalization of Detroit's economy -- a position supported
by Michigan Republican Governor Rick Snyder. Immigrants can make a difference in the following ways: first, as new immigrants
tend to be younger and have a higher-than-average fertility rate, they will help reverse Detroit's aging and declining population;
second, attracting highly skilled immigrants will expand the pool of knowledge-based human capital; third, as immigrants
are more connected to the global economy, they can help to improve Detroit's trade relations abroad; and fourth, immigrant
entrepreneurs will move into struggling neighborhoods to revitalize these areas. Tobocman argues that the biggest challenges
facing Detroit is its image, which has kept immigrants out of the city center where they are most needed, and ensuring that
services and resources needed to support new residents keep pace with any potential population growth. Finally, he reviews
some of the initiatives that have been established under the banner of Global Detroit, an organization that Tobocman leads,
to attract and support immigrants. (Denzil Mohammed)
Giving Cities and Regions a Voice in Immigration Policy: Can National Policies Meet Local Demand,
Migration Policy Institute, July, 2014, 20 pp.
Author: Madeleine Sumption
What are the potential gains and drawbacks to programs designed to give cities and regions greater control over immigrant
admission? In this essay, the author examines three policy frameworks that influence the regional settlement of immigrants
and attempts to assess their efficacy. The frameworks are: supply-driven immigration (when national or regional authorities
do not directly decide the destination of immigrants but immigrants gravitate to areas with jobs, family members and/or supportive
communities); national policies designed to respond to local circumstances (examples include employer selection, changing
the threshold requirements for immigrant salaries based on regional cost-of-living considerations, and encouraging wealthy
immigrants to invest in certain areas by lowering the required investment amount); and "subnational selection programs,"
which actually giving regional authorities a say in the number and types of immigrants settling in their area (the two most
prominent examples are programs in Australia and Canada). Looking at the pros and cons of subnational selection programs,
the author concludes that "perhaps, the most compelling argument in favor of subnational selection is that it allows
local policymakers to admit workers with lower skills levels than the national standards - without requiring all
jurisdictions to admit such workers." Such programs, she points out, are not generally effective in attracting
high skilled immigrants, as they can qualify for admission under national criteria and would likely prefer opportunities in
other destinations. Another argument in support of such programs is that they "could help channel immigration toward
areas with the political commitment to integrate newcomers and/or fund settlement services." However, the bar is high
in areas lacking support networks for immigrants. Without "well thought-out investments in immigrant integration,"
such programs are not likely to succeed.
The City Brand: Champion of Immigrant Integration or Empty Marketing Tool?
Migration Policy Institute (MPI), August, 2014, 11 pp
Author: Elizabeth Collett
In this insightful review of city branding strategies in both Europe and North America, Elizabeth Collett, Director
of MPI Europe, distinguishes between externally-focused approaches, or "branding to attract talent," and inward
approaches, or "branding to promote social cohesion." She notes how difficult it is to synchronize the two
approaches into a unified campaign, as they tend to appeal to different audiences. "Each targets very different immigrant
cohorts. Strategies to attract talent tend to be focused on a rarefied stratum of mobile and educated workers...Meanwhile,
strategies to develop a binding identity within a city must deal with those who actually live on its streets, irrespective
of skill and status." Because of the tension between the two approaches, cities tend to adopt a two-track approach. However,
the author points out that "without strong community identification and support, a brand will be worthless." In
her conclusion, the author identifies a number of strategies for successful branding, including committed leadership from
across the political spectrum, broad stakeholder involvement, and clear goals and benchmarks for measuring success.
Migration's local Dividends: How Cities and Regions Can Make
the Most of Immigration,Transatlantic Council on Migration, Council Statement, July, 2014, 12 pp.
The Council produced this statement for its 11th plenary meeting held in London
in November, 2013. Reflecting the desire of many cities to attract immigrants to reverse economic decline and stimulate economic
development, the statement outlines a set of principles and recommendations that national governments should follow to help
cities and regions satisfy their human capital needs through immigration. The statement laments the fact that "systems
for national governments to consult localities over broader human mobility questions remain deeply underdeveloped."
To correct this problem, the statement recommends a "more organic ‘whole-of-government' and ‘whole-of-society'
cooperation" on both immigration and immigrant integration policy. Another major recommendation is to "allow employers,
wherever possible, to select immigrants." Such an approach would allow employers in less populated areas, such as health-care
centers in rural communities, to bring in needed medical personnel, even if national quotas are already oversubscribed. The
Council cautions, however, that declining cities and regions should not rely on immigration as a panacea because "success
may require exit" both for immigrants and native-born. Only if other conditions are met will the "immigration
boost" be successful. These include: nestling immigration policy into local economic development plans, creating the
conditions for entrepreneurship to flourish, ensuring that city institutions reflect the populations they serve, and "creat(ing)
spaces for people to interact, instead of trying to change where they live."
Enforcement and Immigrant Location Choice,
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June, 2013, 34 pp.
Author: Tara Watson
Noting that "little is known about how the policy environment (in local communities) affects where immigrants
choose to live in the United States," Tara Watson, an associate professor of economics at Williams College,
sets out in this paper to determine how strict immigrant enforcement regimes influence mobility decisions by immigrants. She
selects communities with 287(g) agreements with the federal government permitting local police to enforce immigration laws.
Apart from the outlier case of Maricopa County near the Mexican border in Arizona, "there is no evidence that local enforcement
causes the foreign-born to exit the United States or deters their entry from abroad or from elsewhere in the United
States." However, there is abundant evidence that such agreements cause relocations across local areas, states,
and regions of the United States. What is striking, however, is that "the effects are concentrated among more educated
non-citizens... (who) are likely to be documented and to be productive workers in the economy." Thus, according
to the author, these agreements "may be missing their intended targets." Policymakers seeking to attract and retain
skilled immigrants "should consider their enforcement regimes accordingly."
The San Francisco Immigrant Integration Project: Findings from Community-Based Research Conducted
by the San Francisco Immigrant Legal & Education Network,
2014, 32 pp.
Despite having adopted a "sanctuary city"
policy for its large immigrant population, San Francisco is not giving its immigrants sufficient access to essential services,
not opening wide the doors of economic opportunity and not engaging with community members. This conclusion appears
in a report by the San Francisco Immigrant Legal & Education Network (SFILEN), a network of immigrant service and empowerment
organizations in the city. In addition to surveying over 600 immigrants, SFILEN staff conducted more than 30 one-on-one
interviews and nine in-language focus groups, and convened more than 150 community members to discuss the results. The
goal of this two-year community research effort was to assess the progress of immigrant integration in the city and provide
policy recommendations to fill any gaps. The report finds that immigrants face barriers to critical services and programs,
have difficulty in accessing affordable housing, are underemployed, are ignorant of their healthcare options and have a fear
of law enforcement. Often, immigrants utilize "creative, community-based systems," informal networks, cooperative
models and mutual aid programs to fill the service gaps they encounter. The authors suggest that meaningful immigrant integration
necessitates improved access to basic services that can only be achieved through expanded community education, innovative
and culturally appropriate strategies to overcome access barriers, and relationship-building with receiving communities. (Denzil Mohammed)
Revitalization in the Heartland of America: Welcoming Immigrant Entrepreneurs for Economic
Immigration Policy Center, January, 2014, 13 pp.
Author: Paul McDaniel
Several areas of the country are seeking to attract immigrants and to foster their economic integration as part of
a new strategy to spur economic growth and stem population decline. In Revitalization of the Heartland of America: Welcoming
Immigrant Entrepreneurs for Economic Development, author Paul McDaniel looks at welcoming initiatives in three places:
Detroit, St. Louis, and rural Iowa. Global Detroit, for instance, is working to encourage immigrant-led neighborhood
revitalization through small-business support and services. The St. Louis Mosaic Project conducts public education on the
importance of immigrants and offers professional networking opportunities for immigrant entrepreneurs. In Iowa, the State
University Extension and Outreach Office conducts trainings to develop the leadership skills of newly-arrived immigrants.
Research suggests that initiatives such as these make local communities "more resilient when faced with economic
shocks," Among the author's policy recommendations are partnerships between native-born and immigrant-owned businesses,
enhanced integration initiatives, and comprehensive immigration reform at the federal level that creates clear pathways to
citizenship and supports immigrants who want to start their own businesses. (Denzil Mohammed)
Blueprints for Immigrant Integration
New York City Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs, 2013
Knowing that cities
across the country are interested in New York City's efforts to integrate immigrants and enhance the capacity of immigrants
to spur economic development, the New York City Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs has produced a series of "Blueprints
for Immigrant Integration." The Blueprints were first released in conjunction with the Cities for Immigrant Integration
Conference, hosted by the City of New York on April 25, 2013, and are "designed to eliminate the mystery and provide
step-by-step guidance on how to better serve immigrant residents." There are six separate blueprints: Introduction/Creating
a Municipal Immigrant Integration Agenda, Citizenship, Civic Engagement, Economic Development, Language Access, and Police
& Community Relations. Five more Blueprints are forthcoming: Education, Public Health and Health Care, Libraries,
Financial Empowerment, and Domestic Violence Prevention. The first (introductory) Blueprint notes that since 2010, New
York City has launched "more than forty unique initiatives and policy efforts...to support immigrant New Yorkers."
The Chicago New Americans Plan: Building a Thriving and Welcoming City,
Office of New Americans, City of Chicago, December, 2012, 48 pp.
Mayor of Chicago in February of 2011, Rahm Emanuel created the Office of New Americans the following July with the goal of
making Chicago "the world's most immigrant-friendly city." Almost two years in the making, this plan outlines
a set of 27 initiatives "to help immigrants overcome obstacles and contribute more fully" to the city. Described
as "the first of its kind for any major city in the country," the plan is also designed to bring "economic,
social, and cultural benefits for all Chicagoans." All initiatives are grouped into three broad categories: economic
growth and jobs, better educated youth, and vibrant welcoming communities. The plan seeks to institutionalize immigrant
integration as a cross-sector and cross-departmental goal and to utilize the resources of a wide array of public and private
agencies to achieve its goals. Among the eight initiatives in the "economic growth" category are: creating
a small business incubator, launching a "Chamber University" to support immigrant businesses, providing "pop-up
city services" in offsite locations, and helping skilled immigrants reenter their former professions. Among the seven
initiatives in the education category are: expanding early childhood education and creating more parent engagement centers.
The 12 initiatives in the "vibrant welcoming communities" category are divided into three broad areas: public safety,
access to services, and civic engagement.
Practice to Policy: Lessons from Local Leadership on Immigrant Integration,
Cities of Migration, 2012, 27 pp.
Editor: Bonnie Mah
the concluding volume in a series of reports highlighting promising local practices in immigrant integration. The first five
reports cover local practices in Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and the United States, with separate reports
devoted to each country. The final report features essays by four international experts on immigrant integration: Audrey
Singer (Brookings Institution, United States), Roland Roth (Magdeburg-Stendal University, Germany), Myer Siemiatycki (Ryerson
University, Canada), and Jan Niessen (Migration Policy Group, Belgium). Singer emphasizes the shift in immigrant settlement
to the suburbs and the need for these communities to develop new approaches to immigrant incorporation. Roth emphasizes the
connection between good integration policies and the economic competiveness and vitality of cities and give examples of how
cities have helped to unleash the economic power of immigrant communities; Siemiatycki stresses the role of municipal
planning, zoning, and land use in creating integrated cities; and Niessen stresses the importance of a coordinated approach
to immigrant integration, involving government at all levels, as well as the private sector. He also points out "that
migration is not necessarily linear but often becomes a circular process. Migration is more than the geographical movement
of people because it leads to the circulation of social and financial capital and to cultural exchange." The report concludes
with a list of 14 recommendations for local governments committed to the goal of immigrant integration.
Restrictive State and Local Immigration Laws: Solutions in Search of
American Constitution Society for Law and Policy, Issue Brief,
November, 2012, 18 pp.
Authors: Pratheepan Gulasekaram & S. Karthick Ramakrishnan
This study challenges the assumption that restrictive
state and local immigration ordinances are driven by demographic and other changes on the state and local level, e.g. growth
of the immigrant (especially undocumented) population, and the "failure" of the federal government to combat the
problem. One of the better-known proponents of this view, according to the authors, was Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia,
who wrote in his dissent to the 2012 Arizona v. United States decision that "Arizona bears the brunt of the
country's illegal immigration problem..." Reinforcing the pervasiveness of this view has been the emphasis on "new
destinations" in the immigration narrative, which suggests that local communities without a recent migration history
have been overwhelmed by the arrival of new immigrants. Through the authors' study of over 25,000 local jurisdictions in all
50 states, they found that the demographic explanation had "no predictive power." Indeed, "what most subfederal
jurisdictions with immigration enforcement laws share is not economic stress or overconsumption of public goods or heightened
violent crime, but rather a partisan composition within their legislative and executive branches that is highly receptive
to enforcement heavy proposals." Cities in Republican-majority areas are four times more likely to pass restrictive
ordinances, whereas cities with Democratic majorities are four times more likely to pass pro-immigrant measures. Fearful
of antagonizing Republican primary voters who "care intensely about immigration," elected Republican officials are
either voted out by more conservative challengers or embrace restrictive positions. At the same time, "restrictive issue
entrepreneurs," such as the leaders of FAIR and NumbersUSA "purposefully promote legislative gridlock at the federal
level, and then cite the very national legislative inaction they helped foment to justify restrictive solutions at the local
level." The authors also take issue with Professor Peter Spiro's "steam-valve" theory, which posits that the
passage of local restrictive ordinances relieves pressure on the federal government to pass similar legislation. Finally,
they predict that these political dynamics, despite the results of the 2012 presidential election, will make national legislative
change "difficult to achieve" and even if national immigration reform passes, anti-immigrant politicians may
continue to proliferate restrictive legislation on the local level as a way of holding on to power.
Public Space Management: Report to the Intercultural Cities Research Programme,
Cities Institute, London Metropolitan University, September, 2012, 81 pp.
Sue Bagwell, Graeme Evans, Antje Witting, Ken Worpole
In response to a request from the Council of Europe, this
report examines "the intercultural use of public spaces," with special attention to three key types of space: community
gardens, public amenities such as libraries, and urban parks. According to the authors, such spaces have the potential to
foster intercultural connections among diverse community members; moreover, the design of spaces, as well as the policies
that control their usage, can impact how diverse groups are incorporated into, or excluded from, the public sphere. The authors
provide several case study examples from the UK and the Netherlands along with a synthesis of best practices that highlight
the promotion of intercultural activity. Best practice examples include: creating a calendar of public events in order to
identify and address diversity related gaps; ensuring that services, activities, and staffing of public programming and facilities
reflect the makeup of local communities; and asset mapping public spaces to determine their accessibility to different ethnic
and minority communities. The authors conclude by examining potential barriers to promoting inclusion within public space
and offer solutions for overcoming common challenges, including concerns over public safety. A literature review is included
in the Appendix. (Dan McNulty)
Good Ideas from Successful Cities: Municipal Leadership on Immigrant Integration,
Cities of Migration, 2012, 94 pp.
Cities of Migration first issued
its Call for Good Ideas in city-led immigrant integration efforts in October of 2011. To date, some 100 cities from
around the world have responded to the Call. According to Cities of Migration, "these cities view inclusion and
diversity as core values and assets in today's global economy." This collection of 39 model practices from 14 countries
in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand shows the breadth and vitality of these efforts. Practices are grouped
into five broad categories: crafting general policy statements to guide city efforts (5); promoting immigrant inclusion,
participation and belonging (7); using the city's economic power to promote integration (5); adapting city services to the
needs of immigrant communities (17); and promoting immigrant entrepreneurship as a strategy for economic development (5).
The descriptions of the good practice (1-2 pages in length) include contact information for responsible municipal officials
to facilitate further research.
Positive Crossroads: Mexican Consular Assistance and Immigrant Integration,
National League of Cities, Practice Brief, 2012, 4 pp.
The 50 Mexican
consulates in the United States are the largest and most extensive consular network of any foreign government in the country.
For the last 20 years, and especially since the creation of the Institute for Mexicans Abroad (IME) in 2003, the Mexican consulates
have fostered and developed programs to assist, educate and help Mexican citizens in the U.S. This publication provides
brief summaries of the work undertaken by ten of these consulates in the states of Alaska, Arizona, California, Illinois,
Missouri, and New Mexico.
Immigrant Integration in Chicago's Suburbs: A Survey of Current Activities and Efforts,
Diversity Issues Task Force, Metropolitan Mayors Caucus, February, 2012, 74 pp.
Reflecting the growing presence of immigrants in the Chicago suburbs and the related challenges faced by municipal
leaders in providing services to them, the Guidebook is designed to overcome the "isolation" of some municipal leaders
who are often unaware of successful immigrant-related initiatives in other communities. The report notes that "the
increase in immigrants to Chicago's suburbs means that municipal governments are increasingly responsible for serving residents
that are new not only to their community, but also the country." With support provided by the John D. and Catherine T.
MacArthur Foundation, an online survey was distributed to mayors, village managers, and Council of Government directors. The
first section of the report summarizes responses from the 109 communities that responded to the survey. Follow-up interviews
were conducted with leaders in 8 municipalities (Addison, Aurora, Bensenville, Carol Stream, Evanston, Mount Prospect, Schaumburg,
and Skokie) whose work is profiled in greater detail in the next section. The final section of the report discusses the work
of 13 "organizations located in the suburbs that offer services and resources for foreign-born residents." Three
of these organizations are the Illinois Welcoming Center in North Riverside, the Language Access Resource Center of DuPage
County, and the Mano a Mano Family Resource Center in Round Lake Park.
Staying Put but Still in the Shadows,
Center for American Progress, February, 2012, 24 pp.
brief cites evidence from a University of California (San Diego) study of unauthorized Mexican immigrants in Oklahoma
City - a city which passed punitive legislation against unauthorized immigrants in 2007 and 2009, well before similar state
laws in Arizona, Georgia and Alabama. In 2010, a bi-national team of researchers surveyed nearly all adults between 15 and
65 in Tlacuitapa (Jalisco), Mexico - a town which sends many immigrants to Oklahoma City -- and several hundred migrants from
the town who live in the United States. The researchers concluded that "at best, anti-immigrant laws simply drive immigrants
from one area (of the country) to another." The essay also explains the main reasons why immigrants choose to remain
in the country
Toolkit: Working on Integration at Local Level,
European Network against Racism (ENAR), November, 2011, 45 pp.
over 700 organizations working to combat racism in member states of the European Union (EU), ENAR produced this Toolkit to
call attention to local projects adhering to ENAR's 15 principles for ensuring a "positive approach" to immigrant
integration. The Toolkit critiques certain aspects of EU public policy which tend to "dilute" or "subvert"
integration goals. According to ENAR, "unless integration contributes to achieving equality, our communities will remain
divided." The report profiles six promising integration projects in Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Italy, Sweden, and
the United Kingdom. All projects underwent "peer review" to determine whether they were successful in achieving
their stated goals. The Toolkit concludes by outlining important steps that new integration projects should take to ensure
Welcome Dayton: Immigrant Friendly City,All Immigration is Local: Receiving Communities and Their Role in Successful Immigrant Integration,
Report and Resolution,
City of Dayton, Human Relations Council, September, 2011, 30 pp.
The City of Dayton (Ohio), under the leadership of its Human Relations Council (HRC) and with the input of
more than 100 individuals and community organizations, produced this "roadmap for the City of Dayton to become a nationally
recognized Immigrant Friendly City." The plan was officially accepted by the Dayton City Commission on October 5, 2011.
The plan contains 20 recommendations and is divided into four sections: business and economic development; local government
and the justice system; social and health services; and community, culture, arts and education. An ordinance to establish
a Welcome Dayton Committee, as well as "small part-time office within the HRC to staff the Welcome Dayton Committee,"
is under preparation. The plan is intended as a community-wide effort, involving both public and private partners.
Starting on Solid Ground: The Municipal Role in Immigrant Settlement,
Federation of Canadian Municipalities, 2011, 30 pp.
Referring to municipalities
as "the front-line, first-responders for many immigrant needs," the authors of this report recommend a new approach
to Canadian immigration policy, one that "engages municipalities to tailor solutions to local needs." Although Canadian
municipalities are neither mandated nor funded to provide immigrant integration services, they are doing it anyway, particularly
in the key areas of rental housing and public transportation, where immigrants are disproportionate users of these services.
The report gives specific examples of municipal initiatives to promote immigrant integration and concludes with five recommendations,
including urging the Canadian federal government to view municipalities as "key partners" in the resettlement process.
Center for American Progress, September, 2011,
by Michael Jones-Correa of Cornell University, this report argues for the engagement of receiving communities in immigrant
integration efforts and suggests four key strategies to bring about such engagement: promoting strong local leadership,
fostering contact between immigrants and the native-born, building partnerships between state and local government and
immigrant communities, and reframing issues to counter misconceptions about immigrants. The report contains examples
of how these strategies were employed in specific communities, with many examples drawn from convocation on the Receiving
Communities Initiative, held in Washington, D.C., in December, 2010. The author emphasizes the importance of developing
metrics for measuring the success of community engagement efforts, and concludes with a series of recommendations for philanthropic
institutions and government at all levels. A companion "toolkit" to the report, with practical suggestions and information
about local programs, will be released by the Spring Institute in October of 2011.
Crossroads of the World: New Americans in Middlesex County, New Jersey,
Program on Immigration and Democracy, Rutgers University, June, 2011, 21 pp.
by the United Way of Central New Jersey and written by Dr. Anastasia R. Mann, this report provides a detailed picture of the
foreign-born population in Middlesex County, home to the main campus of Rutgers University and the largest Asian population
in New Jersey. The report covers the broad range of newcomer groups, including foreign-students, H1-B visa holders (New Jersey
has one of the largest concentrations in the country), immigrant entrepreneurs, working class immigrants, and the undocumented.
The author highlights some of the challenges facing human service agencies and labor organizations working with the more vulnerable
segments of the immigrant population and offers some reflections on "policies to help newcomers and receiving communities
Immigrant Integration: Resource Access and Cultural Exchange,
National League of Cities, City Practice Brief, 2011, 8 pp
provides capsule summaries of 12 local government outreach programs designed to integrate immigrants into civic and community
life. Programs vary in their scope and purpose. Some, such as the Russian Advisory Board in West Hollywood and theColoniasProgram
in College Station, Texas, are focused on the needs of specific immigrant communities. Others, such as the Office of Multicultural
and Religious Affairs of the City of Memphis, target the broader immigrant community. Programs also have different areas of
emphasis. The Adopt-a-Mom Program in Guilford County, North Carolina, for example, seeks to improve pre-natal care for Spanish-speaking
women, whereas the Cambridge (MA) City Links Program provides public sector internships for language minority youth.
Open to All? Different Cultures, Same Communities: A Look at Immigrants and Housing in
Chicago's Northern Suburbs,
Nathalie P. Voorhees Center for Neighborhood and Community Improvement,
University of Illinois at Chicago, January, 2011, 85 pp.
Produced for the Interfaith Housing Center of the Northern
Suburbs with financial support provided by the Immigrant Integration Initiative of the Chicago Community Trust, this report
discusses the impact and policy implications of the growing immigrant population in 16 northern Chicago suburbs, where more
than a quarter of the population is foreign-born. Although race and disability discrimination still underlies the majority
of fair housing complaints nationally, 15% of complaints in 2009 were based on national origin. Examining housing stock growth
in the region during the period from 2000 to 2008, the researchers find a general trend of diminished affordability, with
disproportionate impact on the immigrant population. The report includes a section on promising practices employed by municipalities
to engage and serve immigrant communities.
Municipal Innovations in Immigrant Integration: 20 Cities, 20 Good Practices,Municipal Action for Immigrant Integration, National League
of Cities, 2010, 44 pp.
This set of practices, drawn from U.S. cities of varying size and location, focuses
on four areas: public safety, immigrant outreach, civic engagement, and city services. Among cities deemed to have
good immigrant integration practices are: Columbus, New York, Philadelphia, Princeton, and Richmond. The report includes
demographic profiles of each city, along with short descriptions of government structures. In some cases, e.g. San Francisco,
the "practice" in question is actually a combination of practices designed to promote integration.
Civic Engagement and Recent Immigrant Communities: A Planning Guide for Local Officials
and Other Community Leaders,
National League of Cities, Center for Research and Innovation, 2010, 30 pp.
publication provides guidance to local officials interested in integrating newcomers into the civic life of the city.
It includes step-by-step instructions for conducting meetings with small groups of local leaders who are representative of
the many cultural and ethnic groups in the community. The Guide suggests six important goals that might be accomplished
through an effort to promote immigrant civic engagement.
British Council, 2010, 70 pp
the OPENCities project of the British Council are the following assumptions: that openness is "a condition for strong
cities in the modern age;" that an openness agenda can be actively promoted by city leaders; that attracting and integrating
international migrants are important prerequisites for the open city; and that openness can be measured and compared among
cities. The report defines openness as "the capacity of a city to attract international populations and to enable them
to contribute to the future success of the city" and identifies more than 50 key indicators of openness. The report also
discusses practical steps that can be taken to advance openness and features case studies from Amsterdam, Auckland, Dublin,
Madrid, and Toronto, highlighting how each city has embraced openness in its effort to gain competitive advantage in the global
economy. This publication -- also available in Spanish, German, and Russian -- is the first of 4 to be released in 2010 addressing
a key issue on the OPENCities agenda.
State of Metropolitan America: On the Front Lines of Demographic Transformation,
The Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program, 2010, 168 pp
with support from the Rockefeller Foundation, this report reviews and analyzes the major demographic trends impacting
the 100 largest metropolitan areas in the United States. Three of nine essays in this report -- all authored by Brookings
staff members -- deal with immigration-related topics: Population and Migration, Race and Ethnicity, and Immigration. A concluding essay addresses the policy implications of the five "new realities"
revealed in the research: the growth and outward expansion of the population, population diversification, aging, uneven higher
educational attainment, and income polarization. A companion resource is an interactive State of Metropolitan America Indicator Map.
Creating Better Cities for Migrants: Urban Policies and Practices to Build More Inclusive
UNESCO and UN-Habitat, January, 2010, 20 pp.
Anticipating new challenges
for cities stemming from climate change, economic dislocations, and internal and external migration, UNESCO and UN-Habitat
developed this "tool kit" of effective municipal practices for managing diversity for the common good. With
60% of the world's population expected to live in cities by 2030, the sponsoring international organizations see fundamental
changes in the "scale and scope of urban governance," The authors consider local political leaders to be "key
actors" in promoting "the social and spatial inclusion of migrants," who will constitute a growing share
of urban populations in the 21st century.
Immigrant Integration at the Local Level: Comparison between Stuttgart and Selected U.S. Cities,
Transatlantic Academy, 2009, 32 pp.
This study looks at municipal
immigrant integration strategies in a transatlantic perspective, comparing the well-resourced, city-wide effort in Stuttgart,
the sixth largest city in Germany and a designated integration model for other German cities, with a cross-section of U.S.
models, including the Mayor's Office of Immigrant Affairs in New York City, the work of private sector organizations, such
as the Arabic Community Center for Economic and Social Services (ACCESS) in the Detroit area and the International Institute
of St. Louis (MO), and policy-oriented research initiatives undertaken by the Urban Institute and the Center for Women in
Government and Civil Society at SUNY, Albany.
Parks for All New Yorkers: Immigrants, Culture, and NYC Parks,
New Yorkers for Parks, October, 2009, 14 pp
Dedicated to ensuring that "all New Yorkers enjoy a world class parks system," New Yorkers
for Parks used various research techniques to prepare this report, including a multilingual survey of park users, interviews
with members of the New York Immigration Coalition's Parks Collaborative, and a literature review. The report identified nine
ways that the City can improve the connections between new immigrants and parks, including providing resources to enhance
translation services, implementing a transparent process to issue permits for fields and events, and increasing culturally
diverse food vendors in parks.
Mayoral Immigrant and Latino Affairs Offices: A City Practice Brief,
National League of Cities, Spring, 2009, 4 pp.
This brief describes
nine municipal offices in seven states and the District of columbia established to promote immigrant integration.
Meeting the Challenge of Linguistic Diversity,
New Jersey Municipalities, March, 2009, 3 pp.
This article discusses
the growing number of limited English proficient residents in towns across New Jersey and the steps that local governments
can take to make their operations and services more accessible to this segment of the population.
A Local Official's Guide to Immigrant Civic Engagement,
Institute for Local Government, 2008, 28 pp.
Produced by the research arm of the California League of Cities and the California State Association of Counties,
this guide is one in a series of studies by the Institute's "collaborative governance initiative." The guide features
case examples of communities in California and elsewhere that have been particularly effective in engaging immigrants
in community decision-making and gives "10 keys" to encourage immigrant participation in civic life.
An International Destination Point: Executive
Summary Report by the International Philadelphia Work Group,
(Link no longer active),
City of Philadelphia,
November, 2008, 15 pp.
Produced in response to an executive order by Mayor Michael A.
Nutter, this report asserts that policies to promote immigrant integration are essential to achieve Philadelphia's goal of
becoming an international economic hub and destination. Immigration, the authors conclude, is crucial to reversing
Philadelphia's cyle of population decline and stimulating economic development. The report highlights innovative integration
practices within the four priority areas of Philadelphia's strategic plan: jobs and economic development, public safety, healthy
and sustainable communities, and education.
Immigration Reform: An Intergovernmental Imperative,
International City Managers Association, October, 2008, 41 pp.
"white paper," based on more than 500 responses by local government officials to a survey on immigration conducted
in the summer of 2008, urges "a clearly articulated division of responsibilities" between the federal government
and local governments on immigration matters and the enactment of "sensible" federal immigration reforms, recognizing
the special burdens and responsibilities borne by local government in helping to assimilate immigrants into local communities.
The paper defines four principles to guide immigration reform and makes 16 specific recommendations consistent with these
principles. The paper features an array of case examples of local immigrant initiatives around the country.
on field research conducted by a team of 7 graduate students, with guidance from the staff of the Migration Policy Institute
in Washington, D.C., this report explores how local governments in three "gateway" cities are responding to growing
immigrant populations. The report explores the nature and effectiveness of "horizontal" structures to
facilitate immigrant integration and also devotes considerable attention to school policies and programs. The
authors also suggest some best practices, largely in the area of human resources, to create more responsive governmental institutions.
Arguing the Los Angeles is on the "leading edge" of demographic change due to immigration, with an expanding
second generation and a declining first, and with over 40% of all students in the L.A. public schools classified as English
language learners (a number three times higher than the school system with the next highest number), this report suggest that
Los Angeles could become an important laboratory for systematically addressing issues of immigrant integration. The report
contains demographic data specific to the city and numerous recommendations for policy reform, especially in the areas of
workforce issues, English language acquisition, PreK-12 education, and health and safety net concerns.
"universal policies" over "particularistic or categorical policies," this report provides a menu of policy
options for cities intent on responding to the needs of their growing immigrant populations. Options are grouped into four
main categories: immigration law enforcement (e.g. policies prohibiting the collection of data on immigration status), employment
and self-employment (e.g. living wage ordinances, local hiring mandates for developers), health care (e.g. targeted outreach
to boost enrollment in public funded health insurance programs), and other basic services (e.g. language access policies,
municipal ID cards). The report also summarizes reasons why immigrant-friendly policies are vital to the well-being of cities.
Report of the Mayor's Task Force on Immigration,
City of Vancouver, Canada, November 2, 2007, 20 pp.
With 46% of
its residents foreign-born, Vancouver has the second highest concentration of immigrants in Canada. The City has undertaken
a number of initiatives to ensure the accessibility of city services and to create an inclusive community. This report is
the latest in a series of policy recommendations to the City Council. One of the recommendations calls for the adoption of
a "vision and value statement concerning immigrants and refugees."
Pro-Immigrant Measures Available to State or Local Governments: A Quick Menu of Affirmative
National Immigration Law Center, September, 2007, 6 pp.
a list of 71 policy recommendations designed to "more effective incorporate immigrants into their communities."
Many of them have been successfully implemented in communities around the country.
Division and Dislocation: Regulating Immigration through Local Housing Ordinances,
American Immigration Law Foundation, Summer, 2007, 16pp.
report examines the demographic characteristics of localities that have passed ordinances penalizing landlords who rent to
undocumented immigrants, as well as the legal objections to, and economic fallout from, such ordinances.
"Promising Practices in Communitywide Planning,"
in Investing in Our Communities: Strategies for Immigrant Integration,
Grantmakers Concerned With
Immigrants and Refugees, 2006
GCIR profiles six local initiatives that demonstrate strategic
vision and considerable promise to promote the full integration of newcomers into our society.
The Role of Municipal Leaders in Helping Immigrants Become an Integral Part of Colorado's Communities,
The Colorado Trust and the Colorado Municipal League, June, 2006, 12 pp.
This report offers recommendations to municipal officials to achieve more inclusive communities, along with best
practices from nine Colorado cities.
Immigrant Engagement in Public Open Spaces: Strategies for the New Boston,
Barr Foundation, 2005, 23 pp.
This report is a passionate brief
for accomodating immigrant cultures in the design, management, and utilization of public open space. Based on a literature
review, interviews with park professionals and environmental activists, and focus groups with newcomers in Boston, the report
is replete with examples of innovative park practices, both in Massachusetts and around the country.
Immigrants and Local Governance: The View from City Hall,
Public Policy Institute of California, Issue #101, June, 2005, 115 pp.
on mail surveys and interviews with local officials in 304 immigrant destination communities in California, this report summarizes
local government practice in responding to the needs of immigrants, with special attention to housing policy and police-community
relations. The report also contains a set of recommendations
Final Report of the Immigrant Community Assessment,
Prepared under contract #14830 for Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee,
August 15, 2003, 253 pp.
This report is one of the most thorough and painstaking studies
of a local immigrant population in the United States. Growing out of a "historic and constructive collaboration"
between three local universities, local social service providers, immigrant and refugee community representatives, and local
government, the report was researched and written by a team of four sociologists, two psychologists, one education researcher,
one health researcher, and one lawyer-social worker. It contains the results of 16 immigrant focus groups, surveys and interviews
with 64 social service agencies and community groups, a study of best practices in immigrant integration in the cities of
Atlanta, Charlotte, and Memphis. and numerous recommendations to "enhance and encourage a mutually beneficial incorporation
of immigrants and refugees into Nashville."
News and Opinion
Immigrants and Local
10 years after immigration disputes, Hazleton (PA) is a different place
Philadelphia Inquirer, April 1, 2016
Portand seeks better way to integrate immigrants into the economy
The Portland Press, March 21, 2016
De Blasio administration (New York City) sponsors roundtable with community and ethnic Media
New York City One, February 17, 2016
Aurora rolls out new refugee and immigrant integration plan
The Denver Post, September 28, 2015
Why American Cities Are Fighting to Attract Immigrants
Ted Hesson, The Atlantic, July 21, 2015
Six Ohio cities to share immigrant-attracting best practices
Fresh Water, May 15, 2015
Refugees and locals try to bridge language barrier to make Buffalo more welcoming
Buffalo News, May 6, 2015
How one small Midwest town has turned immigration into positive change
The Christian Science Monitor, March 14, 2015
San Jose, responding to Obama, may establish citiy's first immigration office
San Jose Mercury News, January 22, 2015
U.S. Supreme Court won't weigh in on Fremont's immigration rules, but city isn't relaxing,
Omaha World-Herald, May 5, 2014
Why City Hall needs and immigrant affairs office [Blowback]
The Los Angeles Times, September 10, 2013
An Office of Immigrant Affairs: Gee, Just what L.A. needs,
The Los Angeles Times, August 27, 2013
Indoamerican News, February 17, 2012